Logic is the study of the science of valid inference, which has to do with the process of arriving at a conclusion.
The word “logic” originated from the Greek word “logos” which is translated as discourse, ratio, reason, rule, or sentence. It can be defined as the study of the principles of correct reasoning. At its most basic level, logic is a dealing with the validity and reasoning of an argument. A systematic process of valid reasoning through inference, logic derives conclusions from information that is “known” to be true. This specific area of philosophy is concerned with the laws of valid reasoning.
Logic is basically important to philosophers, mathematicians and computer scientists. The study of the process of reason, logic is often concerned with the form of argument. At its core logic centers on cognitive science, computation, mathematics and philosophy.
At our website, China Logic, you will learn about the various aspects of logic, including the traditional age old Chinese Mohist approach which focused on rhetorical analogies, over mathematical logic.
A formal science, logic uses reason and is thought to be a branch of both philosophy and mathematics. For students, logic bridges the fields of mathematics, philosophy, cognitive science and computation. Basically, logic investigates the structure of statements and arguments via studying the formal systems of inference and of arguments in natural language.
Modern education is dependent upon on a three-part process (trivium) of training one’s mind. The early stages are spent absorbing facts and laying the foundations for advanced studies. Then students learn to think through arguments. Last, they learn the art of self-expression.